The Life Cycle of Plants

Germination (break-open of seeds) requires oxygen, water and temperature conditions that meet specific parameters for them to germinate (become open). This process is known as germination.

Seedlings form roots and leaves to gather water, nutrients and sunlight for photosynthesis to produce food for themselves – this process helps them grow into mature plants which blossom and produce seeds.


Seeds are miniaturized baby plants containing all the components to become new plants. With an outer coating for protection and an embryo with roots, shoots, and the first few real leaves inside, seeds must wait until suitable conditions arise for their germination or sprouting and then begin their journey of growth to start their cycle of life.

Seeds remain dormant (living but dormant) until exposed to oxygen, ideal temperature and sufficient water. Once these requirements have been fulfilled, the dormant seed becomes active by expanding and swelling as its tiny hair-like roots absorb water via tiny channels in its structure; at this stage it begins growing towards sunlight, becoming larger and stronger – this process is known as germination.

Once a seedling is ready to transform into an adult plant, it needs a steady source of light, nutrients and water in order to continue its development. Photosynthesis provides this source; by turning carbon dioxide, water, sunlight energy into food through photosynthesis mediated by green pigment, chlorophyll found on its leaves it converts carbon dioxide, water and solar energy into food for itself – as well as providing access to water and nutrients from its soil environment through the leaves of its growing seedling.

Once a plant reaches maturity, it will produce flowers. With flowering plants, stamens (male parts) produce pollen which must reach pistils (female parts) to fertilize them and create seeds; pollen can travel via insects drawn to its sweetness before being dispersed by wind, water or animals and the cycle begins anew.

After producing flowers for one season, plants enter a resting or dormant period until it senses it’s time to produce seeds again. When this happens, flowering starts again along with fruit production before growing more sturdy roots, branches and leaves before eventually producing flowers once again before eventually dying and producing even more seeds as the cycle continues. Therefore, it’s essential not to harvest or kill plants before giving them time to reproduce themselves and continue the cycle in order to ensure our planet’s biodiversity continues and flourishes! This ensures our biodiversity will thrive while our planet’s biodiversity thrives!

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