Interesting Facts About the Roman Empire

interesting facts about roman empire

Romans invented many items still used today! Additionally, they battled and defeated armies many times larger than themselves.

Legend tells of Rome being established in 753 BCE by twin demigods Romulus and Remus, who were nursed by a she-wolf. Emperor Augustus restored morale during his rule and established two centuries of peace and prosperity that came to define Rome’s legacy.


Romans were mesmerized by the spectacle of muscular warriors battling in immense marble amphitheaters for the amusement of a cheering audience, known as gladiators. Although socially rejected due to their profession as gladiators, these figures became immensely popular with crowds at events where large cash prizes were awarded; winning gladiators could become household names thanks to being declared heroes; some sold themselves into slavery just so that they could become gladiators themselves!

Gladiatorial managers could make a tidy profit from staging fights between gladiators. Romans enjoyed staging fights that featured an even battle of contrasts; for example, matching lighter, agile fighters against heavier armored opponents. One notable instance is when one such light-armed gladiator named the Thracian faced off against Murma (an enemy with thick helmet and grating visor).

Victorious gladiators could live, while losing ones were usually killed instantly. To make sure their deaths were truly over, two attendants in mythological garb such as Charon (the ferryman who carried souls to the afterlife) or Mercury (messenger of the gods) made appearances at arena sand matches to provide proof.

As Rome expanded, gladiators became an essential part of entertainment industry. Trained at schools called ludi, they competed in arenas like Colosseum or circuses or chariot racing stadiums – some may even fight animals occasionally! If victorious gladiators won enough money from fighting to qualify as full citizens of Rome.

Free grain allowance

One of the remarkable aspects of Roman culture was their free grain allowance, which enabled citizens to have food all year round; something many modern societies can no longer provide for themselves. A second century grammarian wrote that Rome was considered to be a “warehouse of food,” as it contained exotic varieties (To Rome 12-13).

The Romans had an extensive road network that provided efficient transportation throughout their empire, facilitating trade of various commodities such as marble and other raw materials used for building grand structures like temples, amphitheaters and public structures.

Roman economy also thrived due to their trade of wild animals. This industry played a pivotal role in creating circuses and amphitheatres; Romans would hunt exotic species such as lions, elephants, and crocodiles and then display them for public viewing at circuses and amphitheatres.

Rome required a great deal of grain to feed its population, so the Roman government established a free grain dole known as annona that started being distributed during the 2nd century BCE. Emperor Augustus appointed a prefect of annona who oversaw distribution, regulation of ports for shipment and combatting any market fraud that might arise.

The Annona was a key element of Roman government, serving as its “public face”. This meant keeping society intact throughout Rome by reporting news from Senate debates, people’s assemblies, court trials, marine and military affairs as well as weddings, births and deaths – this information could either be displayed publicly on streets or, for important decrees from Senate or Emperor, etched onto stone for all to see.

Complex road network

Rome was known for their intricate road network spanning 80,000 kilometers of stone-paved roads that served like an arterial system to transport goods and services across its vast territory, as well as quickly assemble legions for border defense or expansion purposes. While not first to develop such infrastructure, Roman roads quickly became an essential element of their empire’s infrastructure.

Roman road construction methods were revolutionary. They developed a technique that enabled them to build roads at a relatively low cost while managing them with minimal effort – this system later caught on across other states. They were also famous for chariot racing events held at huge stadiums involving rich citizens racing their chariots against each other.

They also built bridges to cross rivers – some wooden, while others made of marble or even stone – often in mountainous regions and difficult terrain. Furthermore, Roman engineers often devised clever solutions to overcome road obstructions; tunnels were dug beneath river beds while paths were carved through mountainsides.

Way stations were an integral component of making chariot travel simpler and faster, providing drivers a place to rest, bathe their horses or check for diseases – all essential components in making travel more manageable and faster.

Romans took great care in clearing vegetation and digging ditches along their roads to reduce cover for bandits to ambush law-abiding citizens in carts full of carts carrying lawful citizens, which gave bandits less chance to ambush carts without lawful inhabitants and ambush them illegally. This shows their commitment to keeping roads free from obstructions or illegal activities.


Romans were known for many things – roads and sewer systems to gladiators and calendars. Did you know they also invented modern journalism? In 59 BCE, Julius Caesar launched Acta Diurna or Daily Events as the world’s first newspaper with this public bulletin board that provided updates about wars, political speeches, accidents and legal cases – providing important updates that were posted daily by people like Julius Caesar himself!

News was delivered via papyri or wax slabs placed in public places such as the Forum. While not as sophisticated as today’s newspapers, these acta were still useful ways of informing citizens about important events, including developments within the Senate, Treasury’s budget from provinces, cost of grain for empire, military events and gladiator fighting. Romans were highly intelligent people whose inventions are still used today: Roman numerals remain popularly used today but Arabic numbers have generally replaced them worldwide; Roman numerals also feature on clock faces as dating books etc.

The Romans created many weapons still used today, such as sword and shield. Their armies often defeated enemies that were larger and more powerful than themselves; their symbol, an axe encased with rods known as the Fasces is still used today as part of their power symbolism – it even appears on British House of Lords seals! Additionally, Roman law provided the basis for other systems with their concept of innocence until proven guilty still being relevant today.


The Romans were an extremely powerful military force throughout history and battled across Europe, the Middle East and North Africa, including Britain. Additionally, their influence can still be felt today through language, architecture and politics across Mediterranean regions.

One of the most remarkable aspects of Roman rule was their extensive network of roads connecting towns and cities, which allowed people to travel quickly across their vast empire. Furthermore, this network proved invaluable during wartime by aiding armies in conquering new territory.

Romans were deeply religious people who revered a variety of gods and goddesses that they worshipped. Each god or goddess served a specific function and aid for life issues – for instance Venus could help those experiencing difficulties with love while Janus represented change.

At the top of Roman society was an emperor. Not only did he command and manage military and financial affairs for their state, he also became revered like a god-like figure who received devotional worship from Roman citizens.

Vespasian from the Flavian dynasty eventually emerged victorious after defeating his rivals and became Emperor Vespasian.

At this time, the Roman empire saw many different emperors, some good and others bad. Some of its worst were Caligula, Nero and Commodus – however good ones such as Augustus Vespasian Trajan Marcus Aurelius Constantine helped keep its strength. Ultimately the empire survived regardless of any cruelty and corruption from certain leaders.

Scroll to Top