missions

Reconstruction of the Apollo Mission Budget

Dreier used official NASA budget submissions to Congress and internal documentation describing appropriations for facilities and overhead expenses during FY 1961 to 1973 as the basis of his reconstruction of Apollo costs, then adjusted them for inflation using two inflation indices tailored specifically for aerospace projects. Exploring the costs involved in beating Soviet spacecraft to

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The Apollo J Missions

After landing safely in a lunar crater known as the Sea of Tranquility, astronauts Neil Armstrong ScD ’63 and Buzz Aldrin emerged from their Eagle spacecraft and proceeded to step outside their landing site with seismometers tracking every movement they made. Apollo J missions would have included longer extravehicular activities and Lunar Roving Vehicle, or

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The Apollo Program

NASA’s Apollo program was its flagship effort in the 1960s and ’70s for human exploration of space, using Saturn family rockets to send 12 crewed missions to land humans on lunar surfaces and 1 uncrewed test flight. Apollo 1 was the inaugural crewed mission, yet tragically failed when its crew module caught fire during a

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Apollo 11 Backroom Loops – Relive the Apollo 11 Moon Landing For the First Time in More Than 50 Years

An exciting new website provides diehard space fans with an incredible way to relive the moon landing as it happened. A wealth of audio recordings has long been accessible online; air-to-ground communications between controllers have also been preserved. But thousands of hours of supplementary conversations between controllers have remained unseen for decades – until now.

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