Argentina is a land of variety with an incredible array of flora and fauna. The landscapes here range from desert tropics, temperate pampas grasslands, subantarctic regions and even desert areas.
Argentina is famous for its passion for football and tango dancing. One interesting fact about Argentina is that parents cannot name their children after soccer icon Lionel Messi.
1. Argentina is the first country to have a radio broadcast
Argentina boasts both the highest and lowest points in South America, along with one of the world’s most stunning waterfall systems. Furthermore, Argentina was also the first Latin American nation to legalize same-sex marriage – an example of its progressive position on social issues.
On August 27, 1920 in Buenos Aires, the inaugural radio broadcast featuring Richard Wagner’s opera Parsifal took place. Even though only 20 families owned receivers at that time had access to it, this event marked an important milestone in media history as it launched new forms of communications – eventually leading to the development of Argentina’s radio industry.
Argentina began developing its radio industry during the 1920s, eventually growing to be second-largest network worldwide by late 1930s (Claxton 2007). At first radio was an almost nationwide affair in its early days; stations catered specifically to niche audiences while programming included folk, tango and jazz music genres as well. Programs such as “Chispazos de Tradicion” blended rural folk traditions with urban tango lyrics in order to appeal to cross-cultural audiences.
Argentinean military dictators engaged in a multifaceted censorship war throughout the 1950s to maintain national “purity”. Fearing that spreading information would undermine their barbaric activities, these regimes sought to limit communication channels as much as possible in order to stifle information flow as quickly as possible and protect national “purity.”
Argentina was situated near other countries, which made it impossible for its ruling dictators to exert total control of its media system. Only three years after Juan Peron had been overthrown in a coup d’etat, North American groups such as NBC, ABC and CBS-Time Life could bid on private channels in Buenos Aires – this proved key in downfall of dictatorship that had banned all forms of media; consequently tango and other genres of music continued flourishing within Argentina.
2. Argentina is the birthplace of the tango
Argentina takes great pride in its nation’s heritage as the birthplace of tango dance, an internationally celebrated art form that originated there. A blend of Latin American and European influences, tango is truly unique to Argentina and Buenos Aires itself with its beautiful architecture and passionate music – an irrefutable sign that this dance form should remain at its core for years to come.
Tango first emerged around 1880 in various dance halls and brothels across Buenos Aires due to a severe shortage of female companions at that time, so men would gather at these spots to dance and seek companionship from ladies there – leading them eventually to create this sensuous yet passionate form of ballroom dance that took influences from Spanish tango as well as milonga (an earlier form).
Argentina was witness to an enormous wave of immigration from Europe during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, as seen in some cities where foreign-born populations outnumbered native-born populations by more than 2:1. Many immigrants arrived as single men with few belongings but an ambition of making something of themselves in Buenos Aires.
Buenos Aires flourished during this prosperous era of rebuilding and modernization with wide avenues and skyscrapers, inspiring great tango artists such as Carlos Gardel and Julio de Caro to emerge during “la Guardia Nueva” or New Guard era characterized by European sophistication and refinement of image of Argentina identity.
Today, tango remains an integral part of Argentine culture, drawing visitors from all around the globe to Buenos Aires just to learn its art and dance steps. Furthermore, Argentina is widely revered for its delectable steaks that come from cattle raised on lush Pampa grasslands that produce truly succulent beef that can only be found there! Buenos Aires remains famous as a destination for learning the tango from experts like Javier Toro.
3. Argentina is the first country to use fingerprinting
Argentina is widely recognized for its mix of Latin American and European influences, yet did you know it was also the first country to introduce fingerprinting technology? Argentina’s pioneering role as the pioneer of fingerprinting is testament to their importance as a South American nation.
Juan Vucetich, an immigrant from Croatia who worked for the Buenos Aires Provincial Police Department, created one of the nation’s first fingerprinting systems. Used primarily for forensic investigations relating to violent crime scenes and matching fingerprints against criminal records or evidence collected at crime scenes, Vucetich’s work proved revolutionary for criminology and law enforcement.
As it was the first time ever that a system for identifying suspects using digital fingerprinting had been successfully proven in court, this event also marked fingerprinting’s emergence as a modern science – which eventually became the basis of police identification worldwide.
Fingerprints are one of the most universal forms of human identity, which made fingerprinting an excellent way to conduct mass identification. Argentina’s adoption of fingerprinting reflects widespread fear among government officials at that time that immigrant populations were being allowed to slip through social cracks uncontrolled, potentially provoking unruly social movements which threatened national stability.
Beginning in the early 1900s, Argentine authorities issued internal passports containing fingerprints. Vucetich’s system soon spread across Spanish-speaking nations after his 1904 publication of Dactiloscopia Comparada as the definitive work on fingerprint identification.
Today, Argentina has established the Sistema de Biometra Federal Argentina (SIBIOS), an extensive database containing digital fingerprints of its citizens. As more individuals go through immigration and other government processes, SIBIOS grows with them – giving police agencies greater access to fingerprint data for cross-referencing with fingerprints of those arrested or convicted of crimes. Since 2012, PFA had access to this database for cross-referencing information with arrestees or convicts arrested or convicted by cross-referencing information within it with fingerprints from its massive database.
4. Argentina is the southernmost country in the world
Argentina is home to the southernmost point and an attractive tourist destination due to its abundant wildlife. Furthermore, Argentina is recognized by World Health Organization as being an exemplary country in regards to gay rights.
Argentina lies between Chile in its north and Brazil in its east. As the eighth-largest country by area, Argentina holds an interesting spot in history as being the first nation to discover the Andes Mountains; consequently they became known as Terra Argentea or “The Land of Silver” due to the abundance of silver found within their mountain ranges.
Argentina lies in the Southern Hemisphere and boasts a four-season climate characterized by hot summers and cold winters – an ideal environment for hiking, biking and climbing activities. Mount Aconcagua stands tall at over 22831 ft (6,962 meters). Mountaineers from across the globe visit this mountaintop destination.
Argentina stands out among Latin American nations due to its long and rich history of immigration. During colonial era Europe saw millions of migrants arrive, leading to most Argentineans being of European origin today and speaking Spanish or Italian as their primary language; other populations such as indigenous people and mestizos also populate Argentina today.
Argentina boasts an exceptionally high standard of living and is rapidly ascendant on the global scene, boasting one of the finest education systems in Latin America as well as an enviable economy. Argentina is a constitutional republic with equal division of powers among legislative, executive and judiciary branches of government; however during its turbulent 20th-century history this balance was often compromised between democratically elected governments and military rule.
If you are planning a trip to Argentina, make sure that you do your research beforehand. Certain regions like Patagonia or Iguazu Falls may be more costly, and keep in mind that Argentina battles inflation with its currency rates changing often.